Author(s): Tribulova N, Knezl V, Shainberg A, Seki S, Soukup T
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Abstract Thyroid hormone plays an important role in cardiac electrophysiology and Ca2+ handling through both genomic and nongenomic mechanisms of action, while both actions can interfere. Chronic changes in the amount of circulating thyroid hormone due to thyroid dysfunction or systemic disease result in structural, electrophysiological and Ca2+ handling remodeling, while acute changes may affect basal activity of cardiac cells membrane systems. Consequently, long-term or rapid modulation of sarcolemmal ion channels, Ca2+ cycling proteins and intercellular communicating channels by thyroid hormone may affect heart function as well as susceptibility of the heart to arrhythmias. This aspect including pro- and anti-arrhythmic potential of thyroid hormone is highlighted in this review. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Vascul Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies