alexa Thyroid tissue: US-guided percutaneous interstitial laser ablation-a feasibility study.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Pacella CM, Bizzarri G, Guglielmi R, Anelli V

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PURPOSE: To evaluate percutaneous interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) as a palliative treatment of recurrent thyroid carcinoma untreatable with surgery or radioiodine administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By using 18 resected thyroid glands, the volume and histologic pattern of ILP-induced thyroid damage were assessed. In vivo treatment feasibility was evaluated by using a low-energy laser in two volunteers before thyroidectomy for huge autonomously functioning nodules. With ultrasonographic (US) monitoring, a 21-gauge spinal needle was inserted into the thyroid nodules. A 300-microm quartz fiberoptic guide was inserted through the needle lumen, and the fiber tip was placed in direct contact with the tissue. Laser irradiation was performed with a 1.064-nm Nd:YAG laser in surgically resected glands, which were treated with 2, 3, 5, or 7 W. RESULTS: Tissue ablation was well-defined histologically, and its area was related to laser irradiation parameters (range, 0-26 mm). No correlation was found between US images and the actual extent of laser-induced lesions. Large colloid or fluid collections did not permit regular heat diffusion within the tissue. In vivo low-energy ILP was performed without technical difficulties or complications. CONCLUSION: ILP induces well-defined tissue ablation correlated with energy parameters in thyroid glands devoid of cystic areas. ILP could be a therapeutic tool for highly selected problems in thyroid tumor treatment.

This article was published in Radiology. and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

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