alexa Thyroid transcription factor 1 and cytokeratins 1, 5, 10, 14 (34betaE12) expression in basaloid and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the lung.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Sturm N, Lantujoul S, Laverrire MH, Papotti M, Brichon PY,

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Abstract Basaloid carcinoma (BC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) are 2 recently recognized variants of large-cell lung carcinomas that may overlap in their morphology, and are discriminated by expression of neuroendocrine markers in LCNEC. Because thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is expressed in lung adenocarcinomas but not in squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), and 34betaE12 recognizes a set of high-molecular-weight cytokeratins characteristic of basal stem cells, we hypothesized that these 2 markers could help in distinguishing BC from LCNEC. Immunostaining for TTF-1 was detected in 40.9\% of pure LCNEC but in no BC or basaloid variant of SCC. In contrast, immunoreactivity for 34betaE12 was shown in all BC and basaloid variant of SCC but in only 1 LCNEC. Bouin fixation was less efficient than formalin in the immunodetection of both markers for its well-known deleterious effect on antigen preservation. Specificity of TTF-1 for LCNEC (100\%) and that of 34betaE12 for BC (98.3\%) exceeded that of NE markers for distinction of these 2 entities. These data show that TTF-1 and 34betaE12, in association with specific neuroendocrine markers, represent a useful panel of antibodies in differentiating carcinomas presenting with a solid pattern, palisading, or pseudorosettes, the expression of TTF-1 excluding the diagnosis of BC, and staining with 34betaE12 excluding pure LCNEC. Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company This article was published in Hum Pathol and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

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