alexa Tight interplay between the Ca2+ affinity of the cardiac SERCA2 Ca2+ pump and the SERCA2 expression level.


Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Vangheluwe P, Schuermans M, Raeymaekers L, Wuytack F

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A reduced activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump SERCA2a is a hallmark of cardiac dysfunction in heart failure. In SERCA2b/b mice, the normal SERCA2a isoform is replaced by SERCA2b, displaying a higher Ca2+ affinity. This elicited decreased cardiac SERCA2 expression and cardiac hypertrophy. Here, the interplay was studied between the increased Ca2+ affinity and a reduced expression of the pump and its role in the cardiac remodeling was investigated. First, SERCA2b/b mice were crossed with SERCA2b transgenes to boost cardiac SERCA2b expression. However, the enforced expression of SERCA2b was spontaneously countered by an increased inhibition by phospholamban (PLB), reducing the pump's Ca2+ affinity. Moreover, the higher SERCA2 content did not prevent hypertrophy. Second, we studied heterozygous SERCA2b/WT mice, which also express lower SERCA2 levels compared to wild-type. Hypertrophy was not observed. In heterozygotes, SERCA2b expression was specifically suppressed, explaining the reduced SERCA2 content. The SERCA2b/WT model strikingly differs from the homozygote models because SERCA2a (not SERCA2b) is the major isoform and because the inhibition of the pump by PLB is decreased instead of being increased. Thus, a tight correlation exists between the SERCA2 levels and Ca2+ affinity (controlled by PLB). This compensatory response may be important to prevent cardiac remodeling. This article was published in Cell Calcium and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version