Author(s): Tinoco AD, Valentine AM
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Abstract The binding of titanium(IV) to human serum transferrin in 50 mM Tris with 20 mM bicarbonate and 10 mM citrate at pH 7.4 was studied by UV/vis kinetics and by isothermal titration calorimetry. Ti(IV) citrate, [Ti(C6H4O7)3]8-, employed in this study was previously characterized and delivers the metal to transferrin rapidly, allowing the quantification of the intrinsic binding constants for Ti(IV) to the C- and N-sites of transferrin. The results after correcting for blood plasma conditions (pH 7.4, [HCO3-] = 27 mM) reveal that Ti(IV) binds with greater affinity (log K = 26.8 and 25.7) than Fe(III) (log K = 22.5 and 21.4) to transferrin, a finding not previously observed for other examined metal ions. The strength of metal binding to transferrin correlates with the Lewis acidity of the metal. Ti(IV) is more Lewis acidic than Fe(III) and is nearly the same size. The study also reveals that Ti(IV) binds more tightly to one site than the other, and this difference is due to both entropic and enthalpic contributions. The study has implications for the role of transferrin in the anticancer activity of Ti(IV) drugs and the serum binding of Ti(IV) ions released from implants or imaging reagents.
This article was published in J Am Chem Soc
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access