Author(s): Lu YT, Chen PG, Liu SF
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Abstract Upregulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression is an important mechanism underlying ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) induced neutrophil activation and tissue injury in other organs. However, I/R of the lungs has not been shown to upregulate ICAM-1 expression. We determined the time course profile of lung I/R-induced ICAM-1 expression and assessed the role of ICAM-1 in mediating neutrophil sequestration, transmigration, and I/R injury in the isolated blood-perfused rat lungs. I/R had a biphasic effect on ICAM-1 expression, an early downregulation and a late-phase upregulation. Superoxide dismutase and neutrophil depletion prevented the early ICAM-1 downregulation. The late-phase ICAM-1 upregulation coincided with the I/R-induced increase in pulmonary microvascular leakage index. ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) reversed the I/R-induced increase in pulmonary microvascular leakage index, with control antibody being ineffective. Neither I/R nor ICAM-1 MAb affected lung MPO activity and circulating neutrophil count. Lung I/R significantly increased bronchoalveolar lavage fluid neutrophil count and the GSSG-to-(GSSG+GSH) ratio. ICAM-1 MAb blocked the I/R-induced increase in GSSG-to-(GSSG+GSH) ratio but had no effect on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid neutrophil count. Our results demonstrated that lung I/R up- and downregulates ICAM-1 expression depending on the duration of reperfusion. ICAM-1 upregulation is an important mechanism of I/R-induced pulmonary endothelial injury.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Modern Chemistry & Applications