Author(s): Ishise H, Asanoi H, Ishizaka S, Joho S, Kameyama T,
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Abstract To elucidate the time course of sympathovagal balance and its relationship to left ventricular function in heart failure, we serially evaluated left ventricular contractility and relaxation and autonomic tone in 11 conscious dogs with tachycardia-induced heart failure. We determined a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic modulation by power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. The left ventricular peak +dP/dt substantially fell from 3,364 +/- 338 to 1,959 +/- 318 mmHg/s (P < 0.05) on the third day and declined gradually to 1,783 +/- 312 mmHg/s at 2 wk of rapid ventricular pacing. In contrast, the time constant of left ventricular pressure decay and end-diastolic pressure increased gradually from 25 +/- 4 to 47 +/- 5 ms (P < 0.05) and from 10 +/- 2 to 21 +/- 3 mmHg (P < 0.05), respectively, at 2 wk of pacing. The high-frequency component (0.15-1.0 Hz), a marker of parasympathetic modulation, decreased from 1,928 +/- 1,914 to 62 +/- 68 x 10(3) ms2 (P < 0.05) on the third day and further to 9 +/- 12 x 10(3) ms2 (P < 0.05) at 2 wk. Similar to the time course of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, plasma norepinephrine levels and the ratio of low (0.05- to 0.15-Hz)- to high-frequency component increased progressively from 135 +/- 50 to 532 +/- 186 pg/ml (P < 0.05) and from 0.06 +/- 0.06 to 1.12 +/- 1.01 (P < 0.05), respectively, at 2 wk of pacing. These cardiac and autonomic dysfunctions recovered gradually toward the normal values at 2 wk after cessation of pacing. Thus a parallel decline in left ventricular contractility with parasympathetic influence and a parallel progression in left ventricular diastolic dysfunction with sympathoexcitation suggest a close relationship between cardiac dysfunction and autonomic dysregulation during development of heart failure.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Pain & Relief