alexa Time courses of changes in hepatic and skeletal muscle insulin action and GLUT4 protein in skeletal muscle after STZ injection.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Youn JH, Kim JK, Buchanan TA

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Abstract To determine the relative time courses of changes in peripheral and hepatic insulin action and skeletal muscle GLUT4 protein levels after a streptozotocin (STZ) injection in rats, we performed hyperinsulinemic (14-18 nM), euglycemic (7.5 mM) clamps in control (n = 8) and diabetic rats at 1 (n = 7), 3 (n = 8), 7 (n = 8), and 14 (n = 6) days after intraperitoneal STZ (65 mg/kg). Basal plasma glucose concentrations increased from 8.1 +/- 0.2 mM in control rats to 23.5 +/- 1.2 mM 1 day after STZ (P < 0.01) and remained constant thereafter. Basal plasma insulin levels were approximately 35\% of control levels in all STZ groups (P < 0.01). Insulin-stimulated whole-body glucose uptake decreased significantly as early as one day after STZ injection (P < 0.01), resulting predominantly from a decrease in whole-body glycolysis. Insulin action to suppress hepatic glucose output was normal on day 1 after STZ but impaired markedly on day 3 and thereafter (P < 0.01). Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in individual skeletal muscles was not altered until day 7 after STZ, and the magnitudes of decreases in skeletal muscle insulin action on days 7 and 14 were not fully accounted for by the decreases in GLUT4 protein level measured from the same muscles. Our data indicate that there is a temporal hierarchy in the development of insulin resistance in STZ-induced diabetes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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