Author(s): Zhang HZ, Kim MH, Lim JH, Bae HR
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Abstract Aquaporins (AQPs) are expressed in myocardium and the implication of AQPs in myocardial water balance has been suggested. We investigated the expression patterns of AQP subtypes in normal myocardium and their changes in the process of edema formation and cardiac dysfunction following myocardial infarction (MI). Immunostaining demonstrated abundant expression of AQP1, AQP4, and AQP6 in normal mouse heart; AQP1 in blood vessels and cardiac myocytes, AQP4 exclusively on the intercalated discs between cardiac myocytes and AQP6 inside the myocytes. However, neither AQP7 nor AQP9 proteins were expressed in CD1 mouse myocardium. Echocardiography revealed that cardiac function was reduced at 1 week and recovered at 4 weeks after MI, whereas myocardial water content determined by wet-to-dry weight ratio increased at 1 week and rather reduced below the normal at 4 weeks. The expression of cardiac AQPs was up-regulated in MI-induced groups compared with sham-operated control group, but their time-dependent patterns were different. The time course of AQP4 expression coincided with that of myocardial edema and cardiac dysfunction following MI. However, expression of both AQP1 and AQP6 increased persistently up to 4 weeks. Our findings suggest a different role for cardiac AQPs in the formation and reabsorption of myocardial edema after MI.
This article was published in J Korean Med Sci
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access