Author(s): Yuan AS, Gilbert JD
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Abstract A solid-phase immunoassay with detection based on time-resolved fluorescence (TR-FIA) has been developed for the determination of lisinopril and enalaprilat in human serum. The immunogen was prepared by coupling lisinopril to bovine serum albumin through a two-step reaction with difluorodinitrobenzene. An antiserum specific to both lisinopril and enalaprilat was used. The assay is based on the competitive immunoassay principle in which the drug competes with biotin-labeled drug for a limited quantity of primary antibody bound via sheep anti-rabbit globulin to the wells of microtitration strips. At the end of the first incubation, the unbound biotin-labeled drug is washed away. In the second step, europium-labeled streptavidin (specific to biotin) reacts with the biotin already bound to the solid-phase antibody. After a washing step, the addition of an enhancement solution dissociates the europium ions from the labeled streptavidin into solution. The fluorescence from each sample is inversely proportional to the concentration of the drug in the sample. The assay demonstrates good accuracy, reproducibility and specificity at serum concentrations down to 0.5 ng ml-1. However, the useful concentration range of TR-FIA is much narrower than that obtained by double antibody radioimmunoassay (RIA).
This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal
and referenced in Modern Chemistry & Applications