alexa Timing of cleft palate closure should be based on the ratio of the area of the cleft to that of the palatal segments and not on age alone.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry

Author(s): Berkowitz S, Duncan R, Evans C, Friede H, KuijpersJagtman AM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Retrospective and prospective serial spatiotemporal investigations were carried out primarily to determine whether the ratio of the size of the posterior cleft space relative to the palatal surface area limited laterally by the alveolar ridges can be used to select the appropriate time for surgical closure of the palatal cleft space. Two subsamples were compared to determine whether the size of the palate and velocity of palatal development in well growing cases differ from those in cases treated by vomer flap surgery. The prospective investigation asked whether presurgical orthopedics increases the rate of palatal growth and palatal size. METHODS: Using the palatal casts of 242 male and female individuals from eight institutions in the United States and Western Europe that followed a variety of treatment protocols, separate serial analyses were conducted of well growing cases with excellent aesthetics, dental occlusion, and speech and a control series of 17 cases of various clefts of the lip and alveolus and/or soft palate but no clefts in the hard palate. Twelve groupings of cases were established depending on their institutional location and type of cleft. RESULTS: Among the various institutions in the study, palatal growth rates and size were statistically similar. Growth in the various clinical series (size, mm2) was less than that of the control series. The ratio of cleft space size to palatal surface area medial to the alveolar ridges was 10 percent or less at 18 months of age in most cases. There was no statistical difference in total surface size between groups, except for one series whose total growth size was least of all. Right and left lateral palatal segments, whether large or small, grew at the same rate. The sample of bilateral cases was too small for statistical comparisons. Presurgical orthopedics did not stimulate palatal growth. The coefficient of variance was less than 10 percent in all measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Delaying all cleft closure surgery until 5 years of age and older is unnecessary to maximize palatal growth. The best time to close the palatal cleft space is when the palatal cleft size is 10 percent or less of the total palatal surface area bounded laterally by the alveolar ridges. The 10 percent ratio generally occurs between 18 and 24 months but can occur earlier or later. There is more than one good type of palatal cleft closure surgery.
This article was published in Plast Reconstr Surg and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 39th Asia-Pacific Dental and Oral Care Congress
    October 26-28, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • American World Dentistry
    November 13-14, 2017 San Antonio, U
  • 39th South American Dental Congress
    Dec 4-6,2017 Sao Paulo,Brazil

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords