Author(s): Lijnen HR, Alessi MC, Frederix L, Collen D, JuhanVague I
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Abstract To investigate the effect of tiplaxtinin, designed as a synthetic inhibitor of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), on obesity, male C57Bl/6 mice (13-14 weeks old) were kept on a high-fat diet (20.1 kJ/g) for four weeks without or with addition of tiplaxtinin (PAI-039) at a dose of 2 mg/g food. At the time of sacrifice, body weights were significantly lower in the inhibitor-treated mice (p < 0.0005). The weights of the isolated subcutaneous and gonadal fat deposits were also significantly lower (both p < 0.0005), associated with adipocyte hypotrophy. Inhibitor-treated adipose tissues displayed similar blood vessel size, but a higher blood vessel density. Fasting glucose and insulin levels, as well as glucose-tolerance tests were not significantly affected by the inhibitor treatment, whereas plasma triglyceride levels were significantly reduced (p = 0.02) and LDL-cholesterol levels significantly enhanced (p = 0.0002). Insulin-tolerance tests revealed significantly lower glucose levels at the end of the test in the inhibitor treated mice (p = 0.03). Thus, in this model of diet-induced obesity in mice administration of tiplaxtinin resulted in impaired adipose tissue development.
This article was published in Thromb Haemost
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine