alexa Tissue factor expression in atrial endothelia associated with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: possible involvement in intracardiac thrombogenesis.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Nakamura Y, Nakamura K, FukushimaKusano K, Ohta K, Matsubara H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Tissue factor plays a key role in the extrinsic coagulation pathway and is induced by inflammatory cytokines. Atrial myocarditis has been detected recently in some patients with lone atrial fibrillation. Virchow's triad of low blood flow, hypercoagulability, and endothelial dysfunction, enhances thrombus formation. The present study was designed to elucidate the role of endothelial dysfunction in thrombogenesis associated with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated tissue factor expression in the endothelia of left atrial appendages obtained from seven patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and cardiogenic thromboembolism. Tissues were divided into 7-13 sections and compared with control specimens from four patients who died of noncardiac events. Expression of tissue factor, von Willebrand factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Histopathologically, inflammatory cells infiltrated the endocardium and all seven patients showed features of persistent myocarditis. Activated T cells [15.3+/-9.4 cells/high power field (HPF, mean+/-S.D.) vs. control 2.2+/-4.4/HPF (P=0.0294)] and a few macrophages [5.1+/-8.4 cells/HPF vs. control 2.4+/-3.5 cells/HPF (P=NS)] infiltrated the endocardium. Tissue factor was overexpressed in the endothelia particularly in tissues containing inflammatory cells and denuded matrix of the endocardium, compared with the control group. Von Willebrand factor, but not tissue factor pathway inhibitor, was also overexpressed in these tissues. CONCLUSION: Tissue factor expression induced by local inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.
This article was published in Thromb Res and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords