Author(s): Hussain MM, Bucher NL, Faris B, Franzblau C, Zannis VI
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Abstract We have studied the synthesis, modification, and secretion of rat apoE in primary cultures of neonatal aortic smooth muscle cells and adult rat hepatocytes. The cultures were pulsed with [35S]methionine and the intracellular and secreted apoE were immunoprecipitated and analyzed by two-dimensional isoelectric focusing/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. A short pulse (10 min) showed the presence of a major unmodified apoE form in both cultures. This form comigrated on two-dimensional gels with the major rat plasma apoE isoprotein. A longer pulse (15-120 min) resulted in the progressive appearance of intracellularly modified apoE isoproteins in both cultures. The apoE secreted by aortic smooth muscle cells consisted exclusively of sialated apoE isoproteins that were sensitive to neuraminidase treatment. In contrast, the apoE secreted by primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes, organ cultures of neonatal rat liver, as well as rat plasma apoE, contained several minor modified isoproteins. Nascent apoE secreted by the aortic smooth muscle cell cultures floats in the density range of 1.09 to 1.186 g/ml. We conclude that aortic smooth muscle cells can synthesize and secrete sialated apoE isoproteins associated with nascent lipoproteins floating in the high density lipoprotein region.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology