alexa Tissue-specific signals control reversible program of localization and functional polarization of macrophages.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Okabe Y, Medzhitov R

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Abstract Tissue-resident macrophages are highly heterogeneous in terms of their functions and phenotypes as a consequence of adaptation to different tissue environments. Local tissue-derived signals are thought to control functional polarization of resident macrophages; however, the identity of these signals remains largely unknown. It is also unknown whether functional heterogeneity is a result of irreversible lineage-specific differentiation or a consequence of continuous but reversible induction of diverse functional programs. Here, we identified retinoic acid as a signal that induces tissue-specific localization and functional polarization of peritoneal macrophages through the reversible induction of transcription factor GATA6. We further found that GATA6 in macrophages regulates gut IgA production through peritoneal B-1 cells. These results provide insight into the regulation of tissue-resident macrophage functional specialization by tissue-derived signals. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cell and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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