alexa TLR agonists abrogate costimulation blockade-induced prolongation of skin allografts.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Author(s): Thornley TB, Brehm MA, Markees TG, Shultz LD, Mordes JP,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Costimulation blockade protocols are effective in prolonging allograft survival in animal models and are entering clinical trials, but how environmental perturbants affect graft survival remains largely unstudied. We used a costimulation blockade protocol consisting of a donor-specific transfusion and anti-CD154 mAb to address this question. We observed that lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection at the time of donor-specific transfusion and anti-CD154 mAb shortens allograft survival. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus 1) activates innate immunity, 2) induces allo-cross-reactive T cells, and 3) generates virus-specific responses, all of which may adversely affect allograft survival. To investigate the role of innate immunity, mice given costimulation blockade and skin allografts were coinjected with TLR2 (Pam3Cys), TLR3 (polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid), TLR4 (LPS), or TLR9 (CpG) agonists. Costimulation blockade prolonged skin allograft survival that was shortened after coinjection by TLR agonists. To investigate underlying mechanisms, we used "synchimeric" mice which circulate trace populations of anti-H2b transgenic alloreactive CD8+ T cells. In synchimeric mice treated with costimulation blockade, coadministration of all four TLR agonists prevented deletion of alloreactive CD8+ T cells and shortened skin allograft survival. These alloreactive CD8+ T cells 1) expressed the proliferation marker Ki-67, 2) up-regulated CD44, and 3) failed to undergo apoptosis. B6.TNFR2-/- and B6.IL-12R-/- mice treated with costimulation blockade plus LPS also exhibited short skin allograft survival whereas similarly treated B6.CD8alpha-/- and TLR4-/- mice exhibited prolonged allograft survival. We conclude that TLR signaling abrogates the effects of costimulation blockade by preventing alloreactive CD8+ T cell apoptosis through a mechanism not dependent on TNFR2 or IL-12R signaling.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version