alexa TLR2-induced cytokine responses may characterize HIV-infected patients experiencing mycobacterial immune restoration disease.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Tan DB, Lim A, Yong YK, Ponnampalavanar S, Omar S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Most HIV patients who experience Mycobacterium tuberculosis-associated immune restoration disease (TB IRD) display elevated interferon-gamma (IFNγ) responses against mycobacterial antigens, but these can occur without an IRD. Recognition of mycobacteria-associated molecular patterns through toll-like receptors (TLRs) on dendritic cells and monocytes induces cytokine production. Here, we investigate TLR-induced responses in IRD. DESIGN: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected at approximately weeks 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 after antiretroviral therapy from five patients experiencing TB IRD, nine matched non-IRD patients and 15 healthy controls. METHODS: IFNγ production by PBMC stimulated with protein purified derivative (PPD) was assessed by ELISpot. TLR2 expression on myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and monocytes was assessed by flow cytometry. TNFα, IL-12p40 and IL-10 were measured by ELISA in 24-h cultures of PBMC with lipomannan (mycobacteria-derived TLR2 agonist). RESULTS: TLR2 expression on mDC and monocytes was higher in patients than controls at baseline (P < 0.005). TLR2 expression decreased to normal levels on mDC by week 12, but remained higher on monocytes at week 24 (P = 0.02). At week 24, IRD patients showed higher IFNγ responses to PPD (P = 0.02), TLR2 expression on monocytes (P = 0.006) and lipomannan-induced TNFα production (P = 0.016) than non-IRD patients. Lipomannan-induced TNFα and IL-12p40 responses paralleled TB IRD in the patients with high TLR2 expression. IL-10 levels did not associate with IRD. CONCLUSION: TLR2-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines by dendritic cells or monocytes may contribute to the pathogenesis of mycobacterial IRD. This article was published in AIDS and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords