Author(s): Letran SE, Lee SJ, Atif SM, Uematsu S, Akira S,
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Abstract Innate immune activation via TLR induces dendritic cell maturation and secretion of inflammatory mediators, generating favorable conditions for naïve T-cell activation. Here, we demonstrate a previously unknown function for TLR5, namely that it enhances MHC class-II presentation of flagellin epitopes to CD4(+) T cells and is required for induction of robust flagellin-specific adaptive immune responses. Flagellin-specific CD4(+) T cells expanded poorly in TLR5-deficient mice immunized with flagellin, a deficiency that persisted even when additional TLR agonists were provided. Flagellin-specific IgG responses were similarly depressed in the absence of TLR5. In marked contrast, TLR5-deficient mice developed robust flagellin-specific T-cell responses when immunized with processed flagellin peptide. Surprisingly, the adaptor molecule Myd88 was not required for robust CD4(+) T-cell responses to flagellin, indicating that TLR5 enhances flagellin-specific CD4(+) T-cell responses in the absence of conventional TLR signaling. A requirement for TLR5 in generating flagellin-specific CD4(+) T-cell activation was also observed when using an in vitro dendritic cell culture system. Together, these data uncover an Myd88-independent function for dendritic cell TLR5 in enhancing the presentation of peptides to flagellin-specific CD4(+) T cells. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
This article was published in Eur J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology