Author(s): Gilmont RR, Dardano A, Engle JS, Adamson BS, Welsh MJ,
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Abstract Pulmonary edema following reperfusion is a major clinical problem. Changes in endothelial cell shape induced by oxidant injury may account for immediate capillary leakage associated with reperfusion injury. In these experiments we examined the role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in acute endothelial cell injury following ischemia-reperfusion. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with a neutralizing antisera directed against TNF-alpha prior to production of distal ischemia. These rats demonstrated a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in acute lung edema in response to 4 hr of ischemia and 30 min of reperfusion when compared to rats undergoing the same procedure without antisera treatment. An in vitro model was developed to determine if TNF-alpha had a direct effect on endothelial cell response to ischemia-reperfusion. The effects of TNF-alpha and oxidant stress on the integrity of cultured endothelial cell monolayers was measured. Rat pulmonary artery endothelial cell monolayers reacted in vitro to oxidant stress by an increase in permeability. The cells changed shape and an increase in diffusion of 125I-albumin across cell monolayers resulted when these cells were exposed to 50 microM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or plasma from the ischemic hind limb of a Sprague-Dawley rat (50 microliters/ml). Pretreatment of cultured cells with low levels of recombinant mouse TNF-alpha significantly affected both the cell shape change and the increase in permeability (P < 0.05). Increased permeability of cell monolayers in vitro was not due to cell lysis as determined by media lactate dehydrogenase levels. The effect appeared to be due to cellular rounding and contraction seen using video time lapse microscopy. These data suggest a direct effect of TNF-alpha on endothelial cells, whereby the cells are rendered more susceptible to oxidant injury accompanying reperfusion.
This article was published in J Surg Res
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research