Author(s): Zhang B, Patel J, Croyle M, Diamond MS, Klein RS
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Abstract The chemokine CXCL10 exerts antiviral effects within the central nervous system (CNS) through the recruitment of virus-specific T cells. However, elevated levels of CXCL10 may induce neuronal apoptosis given its receptor, CXCR3, is expressed by neurons. Using a murine model of West Nile virus (WNV) encephalitis, we determined that WNV-infected neurons express TNF-alpha, which down-regulates neuronal CXCR3 expression via signaling through TNFR1. Down-regulation of neuronal CXCR3 decreased CXCL10-mediated calcium transients and delayed Caspase 3 activation. Loss of CXCR3 activation, via CXCR3-deficiency or pretreatment with TNF-alpha prevented neuronal apoptosis during in vitro WNV infection. These results suggest that neuronal TNF-alpha expression during WNV encephalitis may be an adaptive response to diminish CXCL10-induced death. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Neuroimmunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology