Author(s): Josefsson K, Hansson M, Josefsson K, Hansson M
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Abstract AIM: To describe registered nurses' (RNs) perceptions of their own leadership and of their immediate line management, as well as leadership's organizational prerequisites in municipal elderly care. BACKGROUND: Nursing leadership is a main factor influencing care quality. In spite of this, there is a leadership crisis in municipal elderly care. METHOD: A descriptive design utilizing a questionnaire. The setting was 60 residential care homes in Sweden with 213 participating nurses. The response rate was 62\%. RESULTS: Most nurses (59\%) viewed themselves as leaders of a smaller group, whereas 28\% did not consider themselves as leaders at all. Few nurses had the will to develop their leadership competence. In all, 25\% of the nurses had unresolved serious conflicts with their immediate line management. Half perceived receiving no or little feedback from their immediate line management. A majority had no organized supervision. They perceived, on average, organizational prerequisites as unclear, with few possibilities for leadership competence development. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses need to be more willing to develop their leadership skills. Nurses need managers to support them in their leadership roles. They need distinct and supportive organizational prerequisites for leadership. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: It is crucial to provide distinct and supportive organizational prerequisites for nursing leadership. © 2011 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in J Nurs Manag
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine