alexa Tolbutamide: placental transfer, tissue distribution, and metabolic effects in murine embryos.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Smoak IW, Emanuel AN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Tolbutamide is a sulfonylurea oral hypoglycaemic agent with suspected teratogenicity in humans and demonstrated teratogenicity in laboratory animals, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. This study examined maternal-to-conceptus tolbutamide transfer on gestational days 9.5 and 10.5 and drug concentration in embryonic head, heart, and trunk regions on gestational day 10.5 after maternal dosing in mouse. Embryos exposed to tolbutamide in vitro on gestational day 8.5 were assayed for glucose uptake, glycolysis, and protein content after 6, 12, and 24 hr. Dose-dependent tolbutamide transfer from maternal serum to extraembryonic fluid occurred on gestational day 9.5 and 10.5, with highest tolbutamide levels in embryonic heart on gestational day 10.5. In vitro tolbutamide exposure on gestational day 8.5 decreased glycolysis at 6 hr, increased glycolysis at 24 hr, and had no effect on glucose uptake at 6, 12, or 24 hr. Embryonic protein content reflected growth retardation after 24 hr tolbutamide exposure. Thus, mouse embryos are directly exposed to tolbutamide after maternal dosing on gestational day 9.5 and 10.5, with concentration of drug within embryonic heart. Tolbutamide-induced changes in glucose metabolism are less apparent in whole embryos than reported in adult tissues.
This article was published in Pharmacol Toxicol and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords