Author(s): Bohnen N, Twijnstra A, Wijnen G, Jolles J, Bohnen N, Twijnstra A, Wijnen G, Jolles J
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Abstract Patients with post-concussional symptoms (PCS) about 6 months after a mild head injury (MHI) were examined for tolerance of light and sound in comparison with concussed patients without PCS and non-concussed healthy controls. MHI patients with PCS were individually matched with subjects from the two control groups for the time elapsed from the injury, and for age and sex. Using a computerized rating technique, we assessed both the maximal and submaximal levels of lowered tolerance for light and sound over a wide range of stimuli. We found that the MHI patients with PCS 6 months after the trauma (n = 11) tolerated significantly less well stimuli of intensities of 71 dB and 500 lx than MHI patients without PCS (n = 11) and non-concussed controls (n = 11). There were no significant differences in tolerance for light and sound between MHI patients without PCS and the non-injured controls. Decreased tolerance for light and sound may contribute to the persistence of symptoms up to 6 months after a mild head injury. The psychophysical method provides an objective measure for the evaluation of the late persistent post-concussional syndrome.
This article was published in J Neurol
and referenced in Optometry: Open Access