Author(s): Mian MA, Garlich JD
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Abstract The objectives were to determine the responses of turkeys to soybean meals (SBM) differing in urease and trypsin inhibitor activity, to estimate the AME of diets containing these SBM, and to determine the responses to supplemental L-Met and L-Lys. Four experiments were conducted with poults 1 to 3 wk of age and one with turkeys 6 to 8 wk of age. In Experiment 1, the trypsin inhibitor activities (TI) were 1.8, 4.2, 5.4, 7.0, and 8.8 mg trypsin inhibited/g SBM (method of Hamerstrand et al., 1981). The corresponding urease indices were .02, .14, .51, .90, and 1.5 pH units. The SBM were 46\% of the diet. Significant pancreatic hypertrophy occurred with dietary concentrations of TI of 3.2 mg/g and above. At 4.0 mg TI/g of diet, the feed:gain ratio was increased, but body weight gain and AME of the diet were reduced. In Experiments 2, 3, and 4, poults responded similarly to Met additions to diets containing 46\% SBM with TI of 1.8 or 4 mg/g SBM, or to Met or Met plus Lys additions to diets containing 40.7 or 49.6\% SBM with TI of 2 or 11 mg/g SBM. In Experiment 5, the SBM contained TI at 4.3, 6.1, 8.9, or 12.5 mg/g. The corresponding urease indices were .05, .27, 1.43, and 1.72 pH units. The SBM were 49.6\% of the diet. Using 6 to 8 wk old turkeys, the AME of the four diets were determined to be 2.76, 2.71, 2.58, and 2.57 Mcal/kg. The AME of diets containing 4.4 and 6.2 mg TI/g of diet were reduced (P < .05). In conclusion, through 3 wk of age, turkeys can tolerate soybean TI concentrations of 2.5 mg TI/g of diet. Turkeys 6 to 8 wk of age can tolerate 3 mg of soybean TI/g of diet.
This article was published in Poult Sci
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology