Author(s): ZuanyAmorim C, Hastewell J, Walker C
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Abstract The family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is receiving considerable attention as potential regulators and controllers of the immune response through their ability to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns. The discovery that endogenous ligands, as well as microbial components, are recognized by TLRs, and that small-molecular-mass synthetic compounds activate TLRs, raised interest in these receptors as potential targets for the development of new therapies for multiple diseases. In this review, we discuss the current and future use of TLR agonists or antagonists in chronic inflammatory diseases and highlight potential problems that are associated with such approaches.
This article was published in Nat Rev Drug Discov
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology