alexa Topical treatment in vitiligo and the potential uses of new drug delivery systems.


Journal of Pigmentary Disorders

Author(s): Garg BJ, Saraswat A, Bhatia A, Katare OP, Garg BJ, Saraswat A, Bhatia A, Katare OP

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Abstract Vitiligo is a psychologically devastating condition. Topical therapy is employed as first-line treatment in localized vitiligo. Currently, several topical agents are available in many forms viz. methoxsalen (solution and cream), trioxsalen (solution), corticosteroids (gel, cream, ointment and solution) and calcineurin inhibitors (ointment and cream). Although topical therapy has an important position in vitiligo treatment, side-effects or poor efficacy affect their utility and patient compliance. Novel drug delivery strategies can play a pivotal role in improving the topical delivery of various drugs by enhancing their epidermal localization with a concomitant reduction in their side-effects and improving their effectiveness. The current review emphasizes the potential of various phospholipid based carriers viz. liposomes, transferosomes, ethosomes, lipid emulsions, solid lipid nanoparticles and organogels in optimizing and enhancing the topical delivery of anti-vitiligo agents, whilst reducing the side effects of drugs commonly used in its topical treatment. This article was published in Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol and referenced in Journal of Pigmentary Disorders

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