Author(s): McElroy SL, Arnold LM, Shapira NA, Keck PE Jr, Rosenthal NR,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder is associated with obesity. Topiramate is an antiepileptic agent associated with weight loss. The objective of this study was to evaluate topiramate in the treatment of binge eating disorder associated with obesity. METHOD: For this 14-week, double-blind, flexible-dose (25-600 mg/day) topiramate trial, 61 outpatients (53 women, eight men) with binge eating disorder who were obese (body mass index >/=30 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to receive topiramate (N=30) or placebo (N=31). The primary efficacy measure was binge frequency. The primary analysis of efficacy was a repeated-measures random regression with treatment-by-time as the effect measure. RESULTS: Compared with placebo, topiramate was associated with a significantly greater rate of reduction in binge frequency, binge day frequency, body mass index, weight, and scores on the Clinical Global Impression severity scale and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (modified for binge eating). Topiramate was also associated with significantly greater reductions in binge frequency (topiramate: 94\%, placebo: 46\%) and binge day frequency (topiramate: 93\%, placebo: 46\%) and with a significantly higher level of response than placebo. The mean weight loss for topiramate-treated subjects who completed the study was 5.9 kg. Median topiramate dose was 212 mg/day (range=50-600). Nine patients (three receiving placebo, six given topiramate) discontinued because of adverse events. The most common reasons for discontinuing topiramate were headache (N=3) and paresthesias (N=2). CONCLUSIONS: Topiramate was efficacious and relatively well tolerated in the short-term treatment of binge eating disorder associated with obesity.
This article was published in Am J Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy