alexa Topographic and biomechanical differences between hyperopic and myopic laser in situ keratomileusis.
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Qazi MA, Roberts CJ, Mahmoud AM, Pepose JS

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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the size, shape, and uniformity of the videokeratographic functional optical zone (FOZ) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in 2 cohorts of patients with equivalent amounts of preoperative myopic or hyperopic astigmatism. SETTING: Pepose Vision Institute, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. METHODS: Eyes with myopic or hyperopic astigmatism (n=27 in each group) that had LASIK with the Visx Star S3 laser were retrospectively selected to match for level of preoperative refractive error. Slit-scanning videokeratography was performed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively and analyzed using custom software. The FOZ was calculated by analyzing refractive power maps using a region-growing algorithm. Difference maps were generated from slit images and compared for interval change in corneal elevation, tangential curvature, and refractive power. The difference maps were also averaged (mean difference maps) for each target population. A Zernike decomposition of corneal first-surface elevation was performed to compare postoperative values with baseline parameters. RESULTS: The mean postoperative refractive sphere at 6 months was -0.17 diopter (D) +/- 0.66 (SD) and +0.25 +/- 0.85 D in the myopia group and hyperopia group, respectively, and the mean postoperative astigmatism, -0.49 +/- 0.32 D and -0.65 +/- 0.52 D, respectively (P=.11). Based on the refractive power maps, the mean preoperative and postoperative myopic FOZ was 33.09 +/- 7.30 mm(2) and 30.94 +/- 5.43 mm(2), respectively, and the mean hyperopic FOZ, 33.19 +/- 7.96 mm(2) and 37.99 +/- 6.88 mm(2), respectively. After LASIK, there was an increase in magnitude of negative anterior corneal surface spherical-like Zernike values in the myopia group (P<.0001) and an increase in magnitude of positive spherical-like Zernike values in the hyperopia group. Postoperatively, significant induction of corneal surface horizontal coma was noted in hyperopic eyes (P<.0001). Hyperopic eyes, on average, had larger topographic FOZs after LASIK, but with less uniformity of curvature and power change than myopic eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperopic LASIK, which involves more transition points along the ablation diameter, produced a less uniform topographic FOZ than typical myopic treatments. Less predictable biomechanical changes from the circumferential release of tension on collagen bundles after midperipheral hyperopic ablation and greater variation in beam centration and the angle of incidence may contribute to the greater variability in corneal curvature and power in hyperopic LASIK than in myopic LASIK. This article was published in J Cataract Refract Surg and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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