Author(s): Vashisht Gopal YN, Konuru N, Kondapi AK
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Abstract Topoisomerase II poisoning and anticancer activity by the organometallic compound [RuCl(2)(C(6)H(6))(dmso)] was shown by us in an earlier study [Biochemistry 38 (1999) 4382]. Since high concentrations of this complex were required to achieve either effects, we have synthesized four derivatives of this complex in which the dimethyl sulphoxide group on the ruthenium atom was replaced with pyridine, 3-aminopyridine, p-aminobenzoic acid, and aminoguanidine. Three of these molecules showed enhanced potency of topoisomerase II poisoning and consequently also showed higher anticancer activity in breast and colon carcinoma cells in vitro. Detailed analysis of the molecular action of these compounds on topoisomerase II activity was carried out using the classical relaxation and cleavage activity of the enzyme, which revealed that the compounds poison topoisomerase II by freezing the enzyme and enzyme-cleaved DNA in a ternary "cleavage complex". The cleavage complex is implicated in the anti-neoplastic activity of these compounds. DNA interaction studies showed that these compounds interact with DNA in much the same way as [RuCl(2)(C(6)H(6))(dmso)], by external binding of the DNA helix. This is unlike most other topoisomerase II poisons, which predominantly interact with DNA through intercalation with the double helix. (c) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access