Author(s): Chee YH, Teoh KH, Sabnis BM, Ballantyne JA, Brenkel IJ
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Abstract We compared 55 consecutive total hip replacements performed on 53 morbidly obese patients with osteoarthritis with a matched group of 55 total hip replacements in 53 non-obese patients. The groups were matched for age, gender, prosthesis type, laterality and preoperative Harris Hip Score. They were followed prospectively for five years and the outcomes were assessed using the Harris Hip Score, the Short-form 36 score and radiological findings. Survival at five years using revision surgery as an endpoint, was 90.9\% (95\% confidence interval 82.9 to 98.9) for the morbidly obese and 100\% for the non-obese patients. The Harris Hip and the Short-form 36 scores were significantly better in the non-obese group (p < 0.001). The morbidly obese patients had a higher rate of complications (22\% vs 5\%, p = 0.012), which included dislocation and both superficial and deep infection. In light of these inferior results, morbidly obese patients should be advised to lose weight before undergoing a total hip replacement, and counselled regarding the complications. Despite these poorer results, however, the patients have improved function and quality of life.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis