Author(s): Deeken JF, Figg WD, Bates SE, Sparreboom A
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Abstract A great deal of effort has been spent in defining the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of investigational and registered anticancer agents. Often, there is a marked variability in drug handling between individual patients, which contributes to variability in the pharmacodynamic effects of a given dose of a drug. A combination of physiological variables, genetic characteristics (pharmacogenetics) and environmental factors is known to alter the relationship between the absolute dose and the concentration-time profile in plasma. A variety of strategies are now being evaluated in patients with cancer to improve the therapeutic index of anticancer drugs by implementation of pharmacogenetic imprinting through genotyping or phenotyping individual patients. The efforts have mainly focused on variants in genes encoding the drug-metabolizing enzymes thiopurine S-methyltransferase, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, members of the cytochrome P450 family, including the CYP2B, 2C, 2D and 3A subfamilies, members of the UDP glucuronosyltransferase family, as well as the ATP-binding cassette transporters ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) and ABCG2 (breast cancer resistance protein). Several of these genotyping strategies have been shown to have substantial impact on therapeutic outcome and should eventually lead to improved anticancer chemotherapy.
This article was published in Anticancer Drugs
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology