Author(s): Bnger S, Haug U, Kelly FM, KlemptGiessing K, Cartwright A,
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Abstract Development and progression of colon cancer may be related to cytokines. Cytokines with diagnostic value have been identified individually but have not been implemented into clinical praxis. Using a multiplex protein array, the authors explore a panel of cytokines simultaneously and compared its performance to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9). Serum concentrations of 12 cytokines were simultaneously determined by multiplex biochip technology in 50 colon cancer patients and 50 healthy controls. Serum levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and CEA were significantly higher in cancer patients than in healthy controls. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were largest for IL-8, followed by CEA, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and CA 19-9. Analyses regarding marker combinations showed an advantage over single marker performance for CEA, VEGF, and CA 19-9 but not for IL-8. Multiplex biochip array technology represents a practical tool in cytokine and cancer research when simultaneous determination of different biomarkers is of interest. The results suggest that the assessment of IL-8, CEA, VEGF, and possibly CA 19-9 serum levels could be useful for colon cancer screening with the potential of also detecting early stage tumors. Further validation studies using these and additional markers on a multiplex array format are encouraged.
This article was published in J Biomol Screen
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis