alexa Toxic epidermal necrolysis: Part I. Introduction, history, classification, clinical features, systemic manifestations, etiology, and immunopathogenesis.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Schwartz RA, McDonough PH, Lee BW

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Abstract Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening, typically drug-induced mucocutaneous disease. It is clinically characterized as a widespread sloughing of the skin and mucosa, including both external and internal surfaces. Histologically, the denuded areas show full thickness epidermal necrosis. The pathogenic mechanism involves antigenic moiety/metabolite, peptide-induced T cell activation, leading to keratinocyte apoptosis through soluble Fas ligand, perforin/granzyme B, tumor necrosis factor-alfa, and nitric oxide. Recent studies have implicated granulysin in toxic epidermal necrolysis apoptosis and have suggested that it may be the pivotal mediator of keratinocyte death. Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Am Acad Dermatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

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