Author(s): Ivens IA, Lser E, Rinke M, Schmidt U, Neupert M, Ivens IA, Lser E, Rinke M, Schmidt U, Neupert M
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Abstract Five male and female rats per dose-group received 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TBDD) once on the first day of the study. Doses of 10, 33, 100, or 300 micrograms 2,3,7,8-TBDD/kg body wt. and the vehicle control were administered by gavage. About 20\% of 2,3,7,8-TBDD was excreted via feces. Severe body weight retardation was observed in the 100 and 300 micrograms/kg dose-groups. Most animals in the 300 micrograms/kg dose-group and the females receiving 100 micrograms/kg showed emaciation, rough coat and a poor health (wasting syndrome). Of the animals dosed with 300 micrograms/kg, 3 males and all females died. After 100 micrograms 2,3,7,8-TBDD/kg 3 females died. Measured 4 weeks after dosing, triiodothyronine (T3) was increased and thyroxin (T4) was reduced dose dependently in serum. A dose-dependent decrease in thymus weights was observed at necropsy and histological examinations showed that thymus and spleen were depleted of mature lymphocytes. An increase in liver-to-body weight ratio was observed in all dose-groups. The histological examination revealed hypertrophy of centrilobular hepatocytes in the liver of animals treated with 100 micrograms/kg, which was less severe at the 33 micrograms/kg dose. Hypertrophic hepatocytes were also detected in some animals at the lowest dose. Induction of enzyme activities of the mixed function oxidases ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD), ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) in liver tissue differed for each of the three enzymes. Two days after administration, enzyme activities were increased but did not differ substantially between dose-groups. Twenty-eight days after dosing the increase in activity after 10 micrograms/kg was largest and the EROD of the 100 micrograms/kg dose-group in females was close to that of the control. This inverse dose-response relationship may be due to impaired liver cell function at higher doses.
This article was published in Toxicology
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology