Author(s): Nishimoto N, Yoshizaki K, Maeda K, Kuritani T, Deguchi H,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of multiple infusions of a humanized anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor antibody, MRA, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In an open label trial, 15 patients with active RA were intravenously administered 3 doses (2, 4, or 8 mg/kg) of MRA biweekly for 6 weeks, and pharmacokinetics were assessed. Patients continued on MRA treatment for 24 weeks, and were then assessed for safety and efficacy. RESULTS: The treatment was well tolerated at all doses with no severe adverse event. Increased total serum cholesterol was detected as an MRA related reaction in 10/15 (66\%) patients. There was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of adverse events among the 3 dose groups. There were no new observations of antinuclear antibody or anti-DNA antibody, and no anti-MRA antibody was detected. The T1/2 increased with repeated doses and as the dose increased. T1/2 after the 3rd dose of 8 mg/kg reached 241.8 +/- 71.4 h. In 12/15 (80\%) patients whose serum MRA was detectable during the treatment period, objective inflammatory indicators such as C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum amyloid A were completely normalized at 6 weeks, although there was no statistically significant difference in efficacy among the 3 dose groups. Nine of 15 patients achieved ACR 20 at 6 weeks. At 24 weeks, 13 patients achieved ACR 20 and 5 achieved ACR 50. CONCLUSION: Repetitive treatment with MRA was safe and normalized acute phase response in patients with RA. Optimal dosing schedule was not defined in this small study, but maintenance of serum MRA concentration seemed important to achieve efficacy.
This article was published in J Rheumatol
and referenced in Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence