Author(s): Rousseau S, Papoutsopoulou M, Symons A, Cook D, Lucocq JM,
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Abstract Activation of the TPL2-MKK1/2-ERK1/2 signalling pathway is essential for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated production of TNF alpha in macrophages. Here, we demonstrate that, unexpectedly, TPL2-deficient or MKK1-inhibited macrophages produce near normal levels of pre-TNF alpha when TLR2, TLR4 and TLR6 are activated by their respective agonists, but fail to secrete TNFalpha. We show that LPS stimulates the appearance of pre-TNFalpha at the cell surface and that this is prevented by inhibition of MAPK kinases 1 and 2 (MKK1/2) or in TPL2-deficient macrophages. However, the transport of pre-TNF alpha from the Golgi to the plasma membrane is unaffected by inhibition of the TPL2-MKK1/2-ERK1/2 pathway. Finally, we show that TACE, the protease that cleaves pre-TNF alpha to secreted TNFalpha, is phosphorylated by ERK1 and ERK2 (ERK1/2) at Thr735 in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Therefore, although TACE activity per se is not required for the LPS-stimulated cell surface expression of pre-TNF alpha, the phosphorylation of this protease might contribute to, or be required for, the cell surface expression of the pre-TNF alpha-TACE complex.
This article was published in J Cell Sci
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology