Author(s): Kobayashi K, Ponnamperuma C
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Abstract Research on trace elements in chemical evolution is reviewed from three points of view. They are: the origin of the essentiality of trace elements in present biological systems; the possible roles of trace elements in chemical evolution; and the origin of enzymatic activity with metal ions, i.e., the origin of metalloenzymes.
This article was published in Orig Life Evol Biosph
and referenced in Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach