Author(s): Jaswal A, Jana U, Maiti PK, Jaswal A, Jana U, Maiti PK
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Abstract Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration is a common emergency in childhood constituting major cause of mortality. Although ample studies regarding airway foreign bodies are present in western literature, studies in Indian context are however lacking. The aim of the study is to present an epidemiological data regarding airway foreign bodies in Indian context thereby helping to analyze the situation with regard to our socio-economic condition. Retrospective file review of all case (n = 82) that underwent rigid bronchoscopy for suspected tracheo-bronchial foreign body over a period of 7 years (2001-2008) in the department of otolaryngology of a tertiary care centre of eastern India. Patient characteristics, history, clinical, radiographic and bronchoscopic findings were noted in an attempt to define the epidemiology, clinical presentation, management and associated morbidity. Most common age of presentation was between 1 and 3 years (56.4\%). Most common symptom in our study was Cough, wheezing and respiratory distress (63.4\%). Most common clinical signs at presentation were diminished breath sound in unilateral lung field seen in 36.6\% cases. Most common radiological finding on chest radiograph was collapse seen in 41.65\% cases. Most common type of foreign body below 3 years of age was food material (seeds, beans) removed in 48.78\%. Complications were encountered in 14.6\% cases of which most common complication was bronchospasm and acute respiratory distress seen in 41.6\% cases.
This article was published in Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine