Author(s): Silsupadol P, Siu KC, ShumwayCook A, Woollacott MH
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Traditionally, rehabilitation programs emphasize training balance under single-task conditions to improve balance and reduce risk for falls. The purpose of this case report is to describe 3 balance training approaches in older adults with impaired balance. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: Three patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 interventions: (1) single-task balance training, (2) dual-task training under a fixed-priority instructional set, and (3) dual-task training under a variable-priority instructional set. OUTCOMES: The patients who received balance training under dual-task conditions showed dual-task training benefits; these training benefits were maintained for 3 months. The patient who received variable-priority training showed improvement on novel dual tasks. DISCUSSION: Older adults may be able to improve their balance under dual-task conditions only following specific types of balance training. This case report gives insight on how this intervention might be combined with more traditional physical therapy intervention.
This article was published in Phys Ther
and referenced in Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation