Author(s): Lock JE, Block PC, McKay RG, Baim DS, Keane JF
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Abstract Between January and October, 1987, we attempted percutaneous transcatheter closure of seven ventricular septal defects (VSD) in six patients; none of the patients was a candidate for operative management. Patients' ages ranged from 8 months to 82 years (6.0-70 kg); diagnoses included postinfarction VSD (n = 4), congenital VSD (n = 1), and postoperative congenital VSD (n = 2). Indications for VSD closure were shock or respiratory failure (n = 5) or multiple episodes of endocarditis (n = 1). Closure was attempted with a Rashkind double umbrella: VSDs were crossed via the left ventricle and a guide wire was advanced to the right heart, snared with a venous catheter, and used to direct a long sheath (and ultimately the double umbrella) across the VSD. We crossed the VSD in all seven attempts, and a 17-mm double umbrella was successfully placed in each VSD. In the first (postinfarction) patient with the largest (12 mm) VSD, the umbrella embolized after 20 seconds to the pulmonary artery (without reducing flow). The other six umbrellas remained in position, either diminishing or abolishing the left-to-right shunts. Postinfarction patients had increasing VSD shunting over the next several days and died; at postmortem, the umbrellas remained well positioned in the septum, with other VSDs present. All three congenital VSDs had absent or diminished shunts after umbrella closure. These preliminary data indicate that transcatheter VSD closure is feasible in selected cases.
This article was published in Circulation
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics