alexa Transcellular transport of benzoic acid across Caco-2 cells by a pH-dependent and carrier-mediated transport mechanism.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Author(s): Tsuji A, Takanaga H, Tamai I, Terasaki T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The pH-dependent transcellular transport of [14C]benzoic acid across a Caco-2 cell monolayer is shown to be mediated by a monocarboxylic acid-specific carrier-mediated transport system, localized on the apical membrane. Evidence for the carrier-mediated transport of benzoic acid includes (a) the significant temperature and concentration dependence, (b) the metabolic energy dependence, (c) the inhibition by unlabeled benzoic acid and other monocarboxylic acids, (d) countertransport effects on the uptake of [14C]benzoic acid, and (e) effects of a proteinase (papain) and amino acid-modifying reagents. Furthermore, since carbonylcyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone and nigericin significantly inhibited the transport of [14C]benzoic acid, the direct driving force for benzoic acid transport is suggested to be the inwardly directed proton gradient. From these results, together with previous observations using intestinal brush border membrane vesicles, the pH dependence of the transcellular transport of certain organic weak acids across Caco-2 cells is considered to result mainly from a proton gradient-dependent, carrier-mediated transport mechanism, rather than passive diffusion according to the pH-partition theory.
This article was published in Pharm Res and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords