alexa Transcriptional regulation of TT virus: promoter and enhancer regions in the 1.2-kb noncoding region.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Kamada K, Kamahora T, Kabat P, Hino S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Since the discovery of TT virus (TTV) in 1997, its mechanism of transcriptional control has remained unsolved. Molecular analysis points at the 1.2-kb noncoding region (NCR) as being responsible for transcriptional control. The 5' terminus of TTV mRNA was located at nt 114 using the primer extension method (nt 114 will be referred to as position +1). This employed the PE1 primer, designed to start approximately 100 nt downstream of the predicted initiation site. Overall promoter and enhancer activity of the NCR was analyzed using dual luciferase assays in K562, Jurkat, U937, A549, HepG2, Huh7, and HeLaS3 cells. Of those tested, K562 showed the highest relative luciferase activity of 31.1, and activity in HepG2 (14.6) was significantly higher than that in Huh7 (2.8). Fragments of <250 nt length, spanning the NCR, were inserted into a luciferase vector possessing an SV40 promoter. Fragments F5(-542/-311) and F6(-310/-197) showed promoter-enhancing activities of >6.0 by insertion not only in the sense orientation, but also both in the antisense orientation and downstream of the luciferase gene. The 5' deletion of NCR from -1201 to -370 resulted in no significant decrease in the level of luciferase activity. A gradual decrease in the activity of the 5'-deletion mutants from position -370 through -155 was consistent with the loss of enhancer binding sites detected during fragment analysis. A further deletion at position -76 completely abolished luciferase expression, indicating that region -154/-76 contains the critical regulatory element for functioning of the TTV promoter. This article was published in Virology and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords