alexa Transcriptional repression of oestrogen receptor by metastasis-associated protein 1 corepressor.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Mazumdar A, Wang RA, Mishra SK, Adam L, BagheriYarmand R,

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Abstract Activation of the heregulin/HER2 pathway in oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast-cancer cells leads to suppression of oestrogen-receptor element (ERE)-driven transcription and disruption of oestradiol responsiveness, and thus contributes to progression of tumours to more invasive phenotypes. Here we report the identification of metastatic-associated protein 1 (MTA1), a component of histone deacetylase (HDAC) and nucleosome-remodelling complexes, as a gene product induced by heregulin-beta1 (HRG). Stimulation of cells with HRG is accompanied by suppression of histone acetylation and enhancement of deacetylase activity. MTA1 is also a potent corepressor of ERE transcription, as it blocks the ability of oestradiol to stimulate ER-mediated transcription. The histone-deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A blocks MTA1-mediated repression of ERE transcription. Furthermore, MTA1 directly interacts with histone deacetylase-1 and -2 and with the activation domain of ER-alpha. Overexpression of MTA1 in breast-cancer cells is accompanied by enhancement of the ability of cells to invade and to grow in an anchorage-independent manner. HRG also promotes interaction of MTA1 with endogenous ER and association of MTA1 or HDAC with ERE-responsive target-gene promoters in vivo. These results identify ER-mediated transcription as a nuclear target of MTA1 and indicate that HDAC complexes associated with the MTA1 corepressor may mediate ER transcriptional repression by HRG. This article was published in Nat Cell Biol and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

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