alexa Transfer of the CFTR gene to the lung of nonhuman primates with E1-deleted, E2a-defective recombinant adenoviruses: a preclinical toxicology study.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Goldman MJ, Litzky LA, Engelhardt JF, Wilson JM

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Abstract This paper describes a preclinical toxicology study designed to investigate the biological efficacy and safety profile of second-generation adenovirus for CFTR gene transfer into the baboon lung. This second-generation virus is deleted of E1 and contains a temperature-sensitive mutation in the E2a gene, which encodes a defective DNA-binding protein. Two distinct projects were undertaken. Group A animals received a first-generation adenovirus (i.e., deleted of E1) in an upper lobe at the time a second-generation virus was instilled into the contralateral upper lobe. The goal of study A was to compare the biology of each construct directly and to determine if an immune response to the first-generation virus affected the performance of the second-generation virus. Group B animals received a lacZ second-generation virus in an upper lobe at the same time the CFTR second-generation virus was instilled in the other upper lobe. Necropsies were performed 4 or 21 days after gene transfer and tissues were evaluated for recombinant gene expression and histopathology. Using a second-generation adenovirus, recombinant gene stability was prolonged and associated with a diminished level of perivascular inflammation as compared to first-generation vectors. Markedly diminished levels of hexon protein were present in tissues infected with second-generation as compared to first-generation virus. No evidence of viral shedding was evident. Furthermore, coadministration of first- and second-generation adenovirus did not affect the stability of transgene expression from the second-generation virus. These data suggest that second-generation adenoviral vectors provide an improved gene delivery vehicle, and thus may be useful in gene therapy for cystic fibrosis. This article was published in Hum Gene Ther and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

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