alexa Transfer of tumor necrosis factor-alpha to rat lung induces severe pulmonary inflammation and patchy interstitial fibrogenesis with induction of transforming growth factor-beta1 and myofibroblasts.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Sime PJ, Marr RA, Gauldie D, Xing Z, Hewlett BR,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is up-regulated in a variety of different human immune-inflammatory and fibrotic pulmonary pathologies. However, its precise role in these pathologies and, in particular, the mechanism(s) by which it may induce fibrogenesis are not yet elucidated. Using a replication-deficient adenovirus to transfer the cDNA of tumor necrosis factor-alpha to rat lung, we have been able to study the effect of transient but prolonged (7 to 10 days) overexpression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in normal adult pulmonary tissue. We have demonstrated that local overexpression resulted in severe pulmonary inflammation with significant increases in neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes and, to a lesser extent, eosinophils, with a peak at day 7. By day 14, the inflammatory cell accumulation had declined, and fibrogenesis became evident, with fibroblast accumulation and deposition of extracellular matrix proteins. Fibrotic changes were patchy but persisted to beyond day 64. To elucidate the mechanism underlying this fibrogenesis, we examined bronchoalveolar fluids for the presence of the fibrogenic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta1 and tissues for induction of alpha-smooth muscle actin-rich myofibroblasts. Transforming growth factor-beta1 was transiently elevated from day 7 (peak at day 14) immediately preceding the onset of fibrogenesis. Furthermore, there was a striking accumulation of myofibroblasts from day 7, with the most extensive and intense immunostaining at day 14, ie, coincident with the up-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta1 and onset of fibrogenesis. Thus, we have provided a model of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-mediated pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in normal adult lung, and we suggest that the fibrogenesis may be mediated by the secondary up-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta1 and induction of pulmonary myofibroblasts.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected].com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords