alexa Transfertoproductivelabelingaftertrainingin comprehension:Effectsofthreetrainingvariables.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Down Syndrome & Chromosome Abnormalities

Author(s): Bucher B, Keller MF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract

In training language, generalization of performance beyond the skills specifically trained is commonly observed. One form of generalization is transfer from receptive to productive language. Individuals trained to identify pictures or objects when given their verbal labels can sometimes subsequently reproduce the labels as responses to the pictures or objects. Several studies have looked at this form of transfer in language retarded individuals, with discordant results. This paper reports three studies of several factors that may affect receptive-to-productive transfer. These factors are derived from verbal learning research on backward associations, since this research paradigm resembles that used in receptive-to-productive transfer studies. Several factors found to affect backward association performance in college students were found to affect receptive-to-productive transfer. In all studies the children were trained to identify pictures when given their verbal labels, then tested for ability to produce the labels for the pictures. Results showed that: (1) greater length and/or similarity of the nonsense names assigned to the pictures resulted in poorer transfer on tests for productive performance; (2) productive performance improved over test sessions, even when the level of receptive performance during these sessions showed no change; (3) productive performance was better when the test trials were mixed with continuing reinforced receptive trials; and (4) productive performance was superior for pictures for which the participants had no strong previously acquired associations. These results show that transfer is affected by stimulus factors (picture familiarity); response factors (word complexity); context factors (intermixed receptive trials); and training factors (repeated testing). Normal and language retarded children showed similar patterns of transfer, indicating that these patterns are not unique to language disordered children. These findings can help to clarify the patterns of generalization that may be expected from a variety of receptive training programs.

This article was published in Analysis and Interventionin Developmental Disabilities and referenced in Journal of Down Syndrome & Chromosome Abnormalities

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords