Author(s): Shang TQ, Gordon MP
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Abstract Trichloroethylene (TCE) is one of the most prevalent environmental contaminants, and it poses an expensive remediation problem. Phytoremediation has been investigated as a potential tool for the removal of TCE from ground water and soil, and has shown promise in preliminary trials. However, the fate of TCE in plants is largely unknown. Radiolabel studies showed that once taken up and transformed, most of the TCE is incorporated into plant tissue as a non-volatile, un-extractable residue. We describe here an assay for TCE transformation by poplar suspension cells. Using this assay, it was shown that two different activities contribute to the fixation of TCE by poplar cells, one associated with cell walls and insoluble residues, the other associated with a high molecular weight, heat labile fraction of the cell extract. It appears that plant enzymes catalyze some of the transformations.
This article was published in Chemosphere
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation