Author(s): Kim YR, Kim JS, Cheong JW, Song JW, Min YH
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Abstract Transfusion-associated iron overload could be an important risk factor in myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, few studies have evaluated the effect of iron overload in reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation (RIST). We evaluated 38 patients with myeloid malignancies, 16 with and 22 without iron overload, who received RIST. We used pretransplant serum ferritin as a marker of iron overload. There was a positive correlation between the number of transfused packed red blood cells and pretransplant serum ferritin levels (21.5 units and 1,578.7 microg/l in the iron overload group vs. 12 units and 739.3 microg/l in the iron non-overload group; p <0.01). Engraftment day and chimerism analysis were not affected by iron overload (p = 0.71 and 0.47, respectively). There were no differences in treatment-related mortality (p = 0.94), veno-occlusive disease (p = 0.99), acute and chronic graft versus host disease (p = 0.58 and 0.99, respectively) according to iron overload. There was a significant difference in disease-free and overall survival (35.8 and 27\% in the iron overload group vs. 80.6 and 54.6\% in the iron non-overload group; p = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). We conclude that transfusion-associated iron overload is an adverse risk factor in RIST for myeloid malignancies. The clinical outcomes according to iron overload in RIST were different in myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A serial follow-up of serum ferritin level and judicious iron chelation therapy will be needed to manage the side effect of iron overload in RIST and improve transplantation outcomes. Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Acta Haematol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access