alexa  Transgenic rat hearts overexpressing SERCA2a show improved contractility under baseline conditions and pressure overload.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Author(s): Mller OJ, Lange M, Rattunde H, Lorenzen HP, Mller M

Abstract Share this page

Objective: The activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) is reduced in the failing myocardium. Therefore, transfer of SERCA2a cDNA is considered as a therapeutical approach. The aim of this study was analysis of the long-term effect of SERCA2a overexpression in normal as well as pressure overload challenged myocardium of transgenic rats. Methods: Independent transgenic rat lines were established expressing the rat SERCA2a cDNA specifically in the myocardium resulting in increased SERCA2a protein levels by 30–70%. Simultaneous measurements of isometric contraction and calcium transients were carried out in right ventricular papillary muscle preparations. Hemodynamic parameters were measured in hearts of unchallenged rats as well as 10 weeks after pressure overload induced by abdominal aortic banding. Results: Analysis of calcium handling and contractile parameters in isolated right ventricular papillary muscles revealed significant shortening of intracellular calcium transients and half maximal relaxation times (RT50). Assessing myocardial contractility in working heart preparations, both transgenic rat lines revealed elevated left ventricular pressure, improved systolic and diastolic parameters, attenuated negative force–frequency relation, and a dose-dependent β-adrenergic effect. Aortic banding resulted in reduction of left ventricular pressure and worsening of contraction and relaxation parameters with no differences in mortality in both transgenic (+dP/dt 3084±96 vs. 3938±250 mmHg/s; RT50 47.0±1.2 vs. 36.7±1.4 ms) and wild-type rats (+dP/dt 2695±86 vs. 3297±122 mmHg/s; RT50 53.0±1.6 vs. 44.1±1.4). SERCA2a overexpressing hearts revealed improved hemodynamic parameters compared to wild-type controls. Acceleration of isovolumetric relaxation characterized by the index Tau was directly correlated to SERCA2a protein concentrations. Conclusion: Overexpression of SERCA2a protein results in a positive inotropic effect under baseline conditions remaining preserved under pressure overload without affecting mortality. Therefore therapeutic transfer of SERCA2a may become a potential approach for gene therapy of congestive heart failure. Moreover, transgenic SERCA2a rats will be useful for studies of long-term SERCA2a overexpression in further cardiovascular disease models.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in CardiovascRes and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords