Author(s): Amanuma K, Takeda H, Amanuma H, Aoki Y
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Abstract We have established a transgenic zebrafish line carrying a shuttle vector plasmid (pML4) for detecting mutagens in aquatic environments. The plasmid contains the rpsL gene of Escherichia coli as a mutational target gene, and the kanamycin-resistance gene for recovering the plasmid from the chromosomal DNA. To evaluate the system, we treated embryos of the transgenic fish with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU), which induces a dose-dependent increase in the mutation frequency of the target gene. The mutation spectrum was consistent with the proposed mechanism of ENU mutagenesis. Similarly, treating the embryos with benzo[a]pyrene or 2-amino-3, 8-dimethylimidazo[4,5- f]quinoxaline, which are found in naturally polluted water, significantly increased the frequency of mutations in the target gene.
This article was published in Nat Biotechnol
and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal